Canada Weather Guide

The weather, like most things in Canada, varies widely depending on where you are. Canada has 4 distinct seasons, and temperatures are often milder towards the west and cooler in the north. In a very general nutshell, pack for cool or freezing windy winter weather. If your destination is mountainous, it is likely to be very cold so packing thermals is a must.

Season and Clothing

Summer: June to August

Canada's summer season sees the snow melt, days grow longer and temperatures increase, especially in the mid-west and central provinces. At night though, temperatures can still be quite cool. A waterproof coat and an umbrella would be handy if you were visiting during this season with temperatures ranging between 5 and 27 degrees Celsius across the country. Summer is a great time to hike and camp in the Canadian Rockies and go mountain biking in the resort areas.

Autumn: September to November

Autumn, known as fall, is a great time to visit Canada as most outdoor activities can still be enjoyed so bring your hiking boots and a day backpack. Temperatures decrease in autumn to around -3 to 14 degrees Celsius, but the climate is still comfortable. Don't miss seeing the deciduous trees changing colour during the fall season and enjoying the Canadian Thanksgiving and Halloween holidays.

Winter: December to February

Canada transforms into a snow-covered wonderland in winter. In the middle of the season, most of Canada is freezing cold with the exception of the British Columbia coastline on the west coast where little snow is seen. The long winter in the Canadian Rockies sees a lot of snow, which settles only in the higher altitudes. Toronto and Montreal have short but sharp winters with temperatures plummeting to -20 degrees Celsius. The highest temperatures in the winter are often only 5 degrees Celsius, so pack your winter warmies!

Spring: March to May

Spring arrives in patches across Canada and temperatures tend to increase around April, although the ski season lasts until late April. Temperatures gradually rise from 1 degree Celsius to a high of 17 degrees. The landscape begins to turn green as snow melts and provides the perfect conditions for flowers to grow in abundance. Locals throw off their jackets and may even be seen in t-shirts, however if you find the mid-range temperature of 8 degrees Celsius still a bit chilly, bring something warm along on your Canada holiday.